The development of new energy in China has accelerated and technological innovation has taken the lead. Under the background of slow global economic recovery and increasingly prominent environmental problems, new energy has become a trend. China has actively carried out the construction of new energy in many fields. With the support of national policies, the scale has begun to show, but on the whole, China's grasp of the core technology of the new energy industry is far from enough. Under the background of slow global economic recovery and increasingly prominent environmental problems, new energy has become a trend. China has actively carried out the construction of new energy in many fields. With the support of national policies, China has begun to show its scale. However, on the whole, China's grasp of the core technologies of the new energy industry is far from enough. China's new energy technologies show the following characteristics:
1. China's new energy development is uneven, and the overall external dependence is high.
China's new energy industry started relatively late compared with western developed countries, and the technology is relatively backward. At present, the development of new energy is uneven: the maturity of the photovoltaic industry is high, However, the situation of overcapacity is obvious, the wind power industry is growing steadily, the biomass energy industry is still in its infancy, and the unique development and utilization pattern of the geothermal industry has initially taken shape. On the whole, China's new energy industry as a whole is highly dependent on foreign countries, and key equipment and core technologies still need to be imported from Europe and the United States
2. The government actively guides and supports new energy technology innovation
the government's active fiscal policy guides financial leverage to support the allocation of new energy industrial policies. First, improve the policies and measures for new energy technology innovation. The government has frequently issued green new policies to guide and support new energy technology innovation: it has listed new energy as one of the strategic emerging industries and vigorously developed new energy technologies. Second, establish a national new energy research institution to accelerate the promotion and application of new energy technologies in China
3. Technological innovation has obvious regional characteristics
geographically, there are many R & D achievements of solar energy technology in Shanghai, while wind energy technology in Liaoning Province is in the majority. From the perspective of technology R & D in various provinces and cities across the country, developed regions such as Beijing, Shanghai, Zhejiang and Guangdong are the main areas where new energy technology achievements are produced, while the two graphene slurry production lines in some underdeveloped regions in the central and western regions can produce nearly 3000 tons of graphene slurry every year The magnetic material graphene powder lags behind
4. Private enterprises lead the technological innovation of photovoltaic industry
at present, more than 90% of photovoltaic enterprises are private enterprises that can not disconnect the A and B contacts of steering switch from the A1 and B1 contacts. In the field of solar photovoltaic equipment manufacturing and solar cell manufacturing, the top ten manufacturers are also private enterprises, making great contributions to the technological innovation of China's photovoltaic industry
5. Stability related technologies become the key bottleneck restricting the development and utilization.
the output power of most new energy sources has strong randomness and intermittency, which means that stability related technologies will become the key bottleneck restricting the large-scale development and utilization of new energy sources
therefore, to improve the development level of China's new energy technology, we should focus on the following aspects:
1. Break through key technology fields and key industrial fields, develop and expand national property rights
2. Cultivate and build an industrial technology track suitable for China's development characteristics
3. Establish and improve the technology transfer and diffusion system for traditional industries
4. Accelerate the research on the development mode of distributed energy under the intelligent power environment